lunedì 8 aprile 2013

L'America senza lavoro

In America le cose vanno meglio che in Europa, la ripresa economica, pur modesta è decisamente più sostenuta che nel Vecchio Continente. Il fiscal cliff è stato trasformato da burrone in gradino e il Presidente Obama si è sicuramente dimostrato più intelligente e flessibile di Frau Merkel. Eppure anche lì la crisi non è finita. Robert Reich, ministro del lavoro ai tempi di Clinton ed uno dei più vigorosi critici della destra liberista, ci spiega che l'economia americana è ancora in grande difficoltà. La disoccupazione scende, ma in realtà la percentuale di popolazione attiva impiegata è ai minimi storici, o quasi. Il mercato azionario va forte, ma questo avvantaggia solo i soliti noti. Si è ricominciato a costruire case, ma nuovamente  andranno nelle disponibilità dei più ricchi che potranno così affittare. Insomma, Reich analizza in profondità i numeri e ce li spiega con grande chiarezza: perchè la crescita economica conta poco se non serve a migliorare le condizioni di vita della maggioranza della popolazione.

The Big Stall

di Robert Reich

Bad news on the economy. It added only 88,000 jobs in March – the slowest pace of job growth in nine months.
While the jobless rate fell to 7.6 percent, much of the drop was due to the labor force shrinking by almost a half million people. If you’re not looking for work, you’re not counted as unemployed.
 That means the percentage of working-age Americans either with a job or looking for one dropped to 63.3 percent — its lowest level since 1979.
 The direction isn’t encouraging. The pace of job growth this year is slower than its pace last year.
What’s going on? The simple fact is companies won’t hire if consumers aren’t buying enough to justify the new hires. And consumers don’t have enough money, or credit, or confidence to buy enough.
It’s likely Americans are beginning to feel the pinches of January’s hike in the payroll tax combined with the government budget cuts known as the sequester. Increases in gas prices haven’t helped. All are taking money out of the pockets of most people – whose job situation remains precarious. So they can’t and won’t buy much.
One indicator: Retailers cut their staffs in March — by 24,100.
Yes, the stock market has rebounded. But only a small portion of Americans are affected by the rebound. The richest 1 percent own 35 percent of all shares of stock; the richest 10 percent own 90 percent.
And, yes, housing prices have stopped falling, and construction of new homes has picked up. The construction sector added 18,000 jobs in March.
But the turnaround in housing isn’t because prospective homeowners have been able to get new mortgages. It’s because investors are buying or building homes to rent. And a buoyant rental market doesn’t make most people feel wealthier.
Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of all this is that we’re in the fifth year of a supposed economic recovery from the second-worst economic downturn of the past century, and we’re still not nearly back on track. Instead, we’ve had the most anemic recovery in history.
A Gallup survey released Thursday showed that the percentage of Americans holding full-time jobs has remained essentially unchanged over the past year. With 12 million people out of work and another 8 million holding part-time jobs who’d rather have full-time ones, this just isn’t nearly good enough.
We’re experiencing the burden of austerity economics and the continued scourge of widening inequality. Both are squeezing average Americans. Yet it’s impossible to have a buoyant and sustained recovery without a large and growing middle class.

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